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   Information Center Haiti
Haiti General Information
History of Haiti
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Haiti Transportations


In 2009, Haiti had 4,266 km of roads, 768 km of which were paved. Farm-to-market roads are few, and most produce for the local market is transported by burro or carried on foot by women. In 1980, a new highway linking Port-au-Prince with Les Cayes was opened, and several road improvement projects have been completed; overall, however, road conditions continue to deteriorate because of flooding. There were some 19,800 passenger cars and 28,200 commercial vehicles in 2000. Also in 2000, Haiti had a ratio of 351.8 inhabitants per registered vehicle, the highest ratio of any country in the Western Hemisphere.

Two railway systems, the National Railroad of Haiti and the Cul-de-Sac Railway, with a combined trackage of 301 km, originally operated lines from Port-au-Prince to Verrettes and to Léogâne, and from Cap-Haïtien south to Bahon. By 1982, however, most of the system had become inoperative; the 40 km of lines that remained in 1999 were being used only for sugar cane transport.

The commercial shipping fleet consists of a few hundred small sailing vessels engaged in coastal trade and a few motorised vessels of light tonnage. The island depends chiefly on foreign shipping. During the early 1980s, the IBRD sought to stimulate inter-coastal trade by building port facilities at Jérémie, Port-au-Prince, and Port-de-Paix. Other ports and harbours include Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Les Cayes, Miragoane and Saint-Marc.

In 2013 there were an estimated 14 airports, four of which had paved runways. An international airport at Port-au-Prince opened in 1965; the other international airport is at Cap Haitien. Domestic routes are serviced by Caribintair, Sunrise Airways and Tortug' Air.


Airports : 14 (2013)
Airports - with paved runways : total: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)
Airports - with unpaved runways : total: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 8 (2013)
Roadways : total: 4,266 km
paved: 768 km
unpaved: 3,498 km (2009)
Ports and terminals : Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Port-au-Prince




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