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Haiti General Information
 
History of Haiti
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Haiti Population
Haiti Government
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Haiti Population
 
 
 

General

The population of Haiti in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 8,288,000, which placed it at number 91 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 42% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 97 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 1.9%, a rate the government viewed as too high. The government reinstated the Population Secretariat in 1997, which attempted to address the high fertility rate (4.5 births per woman); however, as of 2005 little progress had been made. The projected population for the year 2025 was 12,887,000. The population density was 299 per km² (774 per mi²).

The UN estimated that 36% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 2.95%. The capital city, Port-au-Prince, had a population of 1,961,000 in that year. Other major cities and their estimated populations are Jacmel (216,600) and Les Cayes (214,606).

The prevalence of HIV/AIDS has had a significant impact on the population of Haiti. The UN estimated that 7.7% of adults between the ages of 15-49 were living with HIV/AIDS in 2001. The AIDS epidemic causes higher death and infant mortality rates, and lowers life expectancy.

Overview

Population : 9,893,934 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure : 0-14 years: 34.6% (male 1,716,917/female 1,708,978)
15-24 years: 21.5% (male 1,064,069/female 1,066,614)
25-54 years: 34.8% (male 1,713,478/female 1,729,432)
55-64 years: 5% (male 235,278/female 258,330)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 178,842/female 221,996) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratios : total dependency ratio: 65.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 57.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.5 %
potential support ratio: 13.4 (2013)
Median age : total: 21.9 years
male: 21.6 years
female: 22.1 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate : 0.99%
note: the preliminary 2011 numbers differ significantly from those of 2010, which were strongly influenced by the demographic effect of the January 2010 earthquake; the latest figures more closely correspond to those of 2009 (2013 est.)
Birth rate : 23.35 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate : 8 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate : -5.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 52% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 3.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Port-au-Prince (capital) 2.143 million (2010)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth : 22.7
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012)
Maternal mortality rate : 350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 50.92 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.85 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 46.94 deaths/1,000 live births
note: the preliminary 2011 numbers differ significantly from those of 2010, which were strongly influenced by the demographic effect of the January 2010 earthquake; the latest figures more closely correspond to those of 2009 (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 62.85 years
male: 61.46 years
female: 64.25 years
note: the preliminary 2011 numbers differ significantly from those of 2010, which were strongly influenced by the demographic effect of the January 2010 earthquake; the latest figures more closely correspond to those of 2009 (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate : 2.88 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate : 34.5% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 1.9% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 120,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : 7,100 (2009 est.)
Health expenditures : 7.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density : 0.25 physicians/1,000 population (1998)
Hospital bed density : 1.3 beds/1,000 population (2007)
Drinking water source : improved:
urban: 77.5% of population
rural: 48.5% of population
total: 64% of population
unimproved:
urban: 22.5% of population
rural: 51.5% of population
total: 36% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility access : improved:
urban: 33.7% of population
rural: 17.4% of population
total: 26.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 66.3% of population
rural: 82.6% of population
total: 73.9% of population (2011 est.)
Major infectious diseases : degree of risk: high
food or water-borne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhoea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vector-borne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : 7.9% (2008)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 18.9% (2006)
Nationality : noun: Haitian(s)
adjective: Haitian
Ethnic groups : black 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Religions : Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%
note: roughly half of the population practices voodoo
Languages : French (official), Creole (official)
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.7%
male: 53.4%
female: 44.6% (2006 est.)
Education expenditures : NA
Child labour - children ages 5-14 : total number: 2,587,205
percentage: 21 % (2006 est.)
 

 
 

 



 


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