Allo' Expat Haiti - Connecting Expats in Haiti
Main Homepage
Allo' Expat Haiti Logo

Subscribe to Allo' Expat Newsletter
Check our Rates
   Information Center Haiti
Haiti General Information
History of Haiti
Haiti Culture
Haiti Cuisine
Haiti Geography
Haiti Population
Haiti Government
Haiti Economy
Haiti Communications
Haiti Transportations
Haiti Military
Haiti Transnational Issues
Haiti Healthcare
Haiti People, Languages & Religions
Haiti Expatriates Handbook
Haiti and Foreign Government
Haiti General Listings
Haiti Useful Tips
Haiti Education & Medical
Haiti Travel & Tourism Info
Haiti Lifestyle & Leisure
Haiti Business Matters
  Sponsored Links

Check our Rates

Haiti Government


The government of Haiti is a semi-presidential republic, a multi-party system whereby the President of Haiti is head of state elected directly by popular elections. The Prime Minister acts as head of government and is appointed by the President, chosen from the majority party in the National Assembly. Executive power is exercised by the President and Prime Minister who together constitute the government.

The government is organised unitarily, thus the central government delegates powers to the departments without a constitutional need for consent. The current structure of Haiti's political system was set forth in the Constitution of Haiti on 29 March 1987.

Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the National Assembly of Haiti. The bicameral National Assembly of Haiti (Assemblée Nationale) consists of the Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) and the Senate (Sénat). The Chamber of Deputies has 99 members, who are elected for four-year terms. The Senate consists of 30 seats, one third elected every two years. In the popular elections of 2000, 26 seats were won by Aristide's Lavalas Family Party.

The legal system is based on the Roman civil law system. Haiti accepts compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. There is a Supreme Court (Cour de Cassation), assisted by local and civil courts at a communal level.

For reasons of administration, Haiti has been divided into 10 departments. The departments are further divided into 41 arrondissements, and 133 communes, which serve as second- and third-level administrative divisions.

In February 2012, Haiti signaled it would seek to upgrade its observer status to full associate member status of the African Union. At its next summit in June 2013, the AU plans to upgrade Haiti's status from observer to associate.


Country name : conventional long form: Republic of Haiti
conventional short form: Haiti
local long form: Republique d'Haiti/Repiblik d' Ayiti
local short form: Haiti/Ayiti
Government type : republic

: name: Port-au-Prince
geographic coordinates: 18 32 N, 72 20 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions : 10 departments (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand'Anse, Nippes, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est
Independence : 1 January 1804 (from France)
National holiday : Independence Day, 1 January (1804)
Constitution : many previous (23 total); latest adopted 10 March 1987; amended 2012 (2013)
Legal system
: civil law system strongly influenced by Napoleonic Code
International law organisation participation : accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; non-party state to the ICCt
Suffrage : 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
: chief of state: President Michel Martelly (since 14 May 2011)
head of government: Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe (since 16 May 2012)
cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (may not serve consecutive terms); election last held on 28 November 2010; runoff on 20 March 2011 (next to be held in 2015); prime minister appointed by the president, ratified by the National Assembly
election results: Michel Martelly won the runoff election held on 20 March 2011 with 67.6% of the vote against 31.7% for Mirlande Manigat
Legislative branch

: bicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale consists of the Senate (30 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies (99 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms);
elections: Senate - last held on 28 November 2010 with run-off elections on 20 March 2011 (next regular election, for one third of seats, scheduled for 2012 but delayed); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 28 November 2010 with run-off elections on 20 March 2011 (next regular election to be held in 2014)
election results: 2010 Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Inite 6, ALTENATIV 4, LAVNI 1; 2010 Chamber of Deputies- percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Inite 32, Altenativ 11, Ansanm Nou Fo 10, AAA 8, LAVNI 7, RASANBLE 4, KONBIT 3, MOCHRENA 3, Platforme Liberation 3, PONT 3, Repons Peyizan 3, Independent 2, MAS 2, MODELH-PRDH 1, PLAPH 1, RESPE 1, Veye Yo 1, vacant 4
Judicial branch : highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation (consists of a chief judge and other judges)
note - Haiti is a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice
judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the president from candidate lists submitted by the Senate of the National Assembly; note - Article 174 of the Haiti Constitution states "Judges of the Supreme Court.... are appointed for 10 years." whereas Article 177 states "Judges of the Supreme Court..... are appointed for life."
subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; Courts of First Instance; magistrates' courts; special courts
Political parties and leaders : Assembly of Progressive National Democrats or RDNP [Mirlande Manigat];
Christian and Citizen For Haiti's Reconstruction or ACCRHA [Chavannes Jeune];
Convention for Democratic Unity or KID [Evans Paul];
Cooperative Action to Rebuild Haiti or KONBA [Jean William Jeanty];
December 16 Platform or Platfom 16 Desanm [Dr. Gerard Blot];
Democratic Alliance or ALYANS [Evans Paul] (coalition composed of KID and PPRH);
Democratic Centre's National Council or CONACED [Osner Fevry];
Democratic Movement for the Liberation of Haiti-Revolutionary Party of Haiti or MODELH-PRDH;
Effort and Solidarity to Create an Alternative for the People or ESKAMP [Joseph Jasme];
Fanmi Lavalas or FL [Jean-Bertrand Aristide];
For Us All or PONT [Jean-Marie Cherestal];
Grouping of Citizens for Hope or RESPE [Charles-Henri Baker];
Haiti in Action or AAA [Youri Latortue];
Haitians for Haiti [Yvon Neptune];
Independent Movement for National Reconstruction or MIRN [Luc Fleurinord];
Konbit Pou refe Ayiti or KONBIT;
Lavni Organisation or LAVNI [Yves Cristalin];
Liberal Party of Haiti or PLH [Jean Andre Victor];
Liberation Platform or PLATFORME LIBERATION;
Love Haiti or Renmen Ayiti [Jean-Henry Ceant and Camille Leblanc];
Merging of Haitian Social Democratics or FUSION [Edmonde Supplice Beauzile] (coalition of Ayiti Capable, Haitian National Revolutionary Party, and National Congress of Democratic Movements);
Mobilisation for National Development or MDN [Hubert de Ronceray];
National Front for the Reconstruction of Haiti or FRN [Guy Philippe];
New Christian Movement for a New Haiti or MOCHRENA [Luc Mesadieu];
Peasant's Response or Repons Peyizan [Michel Martelly];
Platform Alternative for Progress and Democracy or ALTENATIV [Victor Benoit and Evans Paul];
Platform of Haitian Patriots or PLAPH [Dejean Belisaire and Himmler Rebu];
Popular Party for the Renewal of Haiti or PPRH [Claude Romain];
Rally or RASAMBLE;
Respect or RESPE;
Socialist Action Movement or MAS;
Strength in Unity or Ansanm Nou Fo [Leslie Voltaire];
Struggling People's Organisation or OPL [Sauveur Pierre-Etienne];
Union [Chavannes Jeune];
Union of Haitian Citizens for Democracy, Development, and Education or UCADDE [Jeantel Joseph];
Union of Nationalist and Progressive Haitians or UNPH [Edouard Francisque];
Unity or Inite [Levaillant Louis-Jeune] (coalition that includes Front for Hope or L'ESPWA);
Vigilance or Veye Yo [Lavarice Gaudin];
Youth for People's Power or JPP [Rene Civil]
Political pressure groups and leaders : Autonomous Organisations of Haitian Workers or CATH [Fignole St-Cyr];
Confederation of Haitian Workers or CTH;
Economic Forum of the Private Sector or EF [Reginald Boulos];
Federation of Workers Trade Unions or FOS;
General Organisation of Independent Haitian Workers [Patrick Numas];
Grand-Anse Resistance Committee, or KOREGA;
The Haitian Association of Industries or ADIH [Georges Sassine];
National Popular Assembly or APN;
Papaye Peasants Movement or MPP [Chavannes Jean-Baptiste];
Popular Organisations Gathering Power or PROP;
Protestant Federation of Haiti;
Roman Catholic Church
International organisation participation : ACP, AOSIS, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, PetroCaribe, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US : chief of mission: Ambassador Paul Getty Altidor (since 17 April 2012)
chancery: 2311 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 332-4090
fax: [1] (202) 745-7215
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Miami, New York, San Juan (Puerto Rico)
consulate(s): Orlando (FL)
Diplomatic representation from the US : chief of mission: Ambassador Pamela A. White (since 18 July 2012)
embassy: Tabarre 41, Route de Tabarre, Port-au-Prince
mailing address: (in Haiti) P.O. Box 1634, Port-au-Prince, Haiti; (from abroad) 3400 Port-au-Prince, State Department, Washington, DC 20521-3400
telephone: [509] 2229-8000
fax: [509] 229-8028
Flag description : two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centred white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength); the colours are taken from the French Tricolour and represent the union of blacks and mulattoes
National symbol(s) : Hispaniolan trogon (bird)
National anthem : name: "La Dessalinienne" (The Dessalines Song)
lyrics/music: Justin Lherisson/Nicolas Geffrard
note: adopted 1904; the anthem is named for Jean-Jacques Dessalines, a leader in the Haitian Revolution and first ruler of an independent Haiti




copyrights ©
2015 | Policy