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Haiti Communication


The government owns and operates domestic telephone and telegraph communications. In 2012 there were 50,000 main telephone lines, with automatic transmission in Port-au-Prince, Cap-Haïtien, Jacmel and Les Cayes. In that same year, there were 6.095 million mobile phones in use.

Despite low literacy levels (52%) and wide-ranging poverty, Haiti managed to increase its mobile phone coverage rate from 6% to 30% in just one year (May 2006 to May 2007). Haiti is now the driving force in the mobile phone growth rate in the Caribbean. There are three major cell phone providers in Haiti: Digicel, Comcel and Haitel. In May 2006, Comcel and Haitel had a total of about 500,000 subscribers; coverage rate of 6% for a population of 8.2 million. Then, Digicel entered the market in May 2006, and revolutionised the cell phone industry with low prices and attractive services so that after just one year of operations, May 2006-May 2007, Digicel went from zero to 1.4 millions subscribers. The other two cell phone providers, Comcel and Haitel, responded by cutting their prices and offering new services such as Voilà, a GSM service by Comcel, and CDMA 2000 by Haitel. As a result, Comcel and Haitel increased their subscribers from 500,000 to 1 million. As of October 2010, Digicel has about 2.2 millions cell phone subscribers in Haiti.

Radio still remains the primary information medium for most Haitians. In 2001, there were about 253 private radio stations. In 1997, there were only two television stations. Télé Haïti is a commercial cable station; it has also been given exclusive rights to import and sell television parts and receivers. National Television of Haiti, the official station, began broadcasting in 1985. In 2000 there were 55 radios and five television sets for every 1,000 people.

There are five internet service providers serving the country. Among them are Multilink, H@inet and Access Haiti. In June 2010, Viettel (Natcom) announced that it would provide high speed internet throughout the country by laying 3100 km of fibre-optic.

The Haitian telecommunications authority, CONATEL, has decided in October 2010 to allow the introduction of 3G services by the mobile telephone service providers. This will enable them to deploy faster mobile internet access speeds throughout their network than what is currently available with GPRS/EDGE.


Telephones - main lines in use : 50,000 (2012)
Telephones - mobile cellular : 6.095 million (2012)
Telephone system : general assessment: telecommunications infrastructure is among the least developed in Latin America and the Caribbean; domestic facilities barely adequate; international facilities slightly better
domestic: mobile-cellular telephone services are expanding rapidly due, in part, to the introduction of low-cost GSM phones; mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 40 per 100 persons
international: country code - 509; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2010)
Broadcast media : several TV stations, including 1 government-owned; cable TV subscription service available; government-owned radio network; more than 250 private and community radio stations with about 50 FM stations in Port-au-Prince alone (2007)
Internet country code : .ht
Internet hosts : 555 (2012)
Internet users : 1 million (2009)




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